The title of preparatory conference for the "Daejeon Global Innovation Forum" is "Open Innovation in the Creative Economy." The agenda is composed of one key note speech, four sessions and one round table meeting.
The title of key note speech is "Open Innovation and Creative Economy". Background and scope of open innovation and creative economy policy implementations of countries and firms will be introduced in key note speech. Open innovation is divided into two categories "inward open innovation" and "outward open innovation". Ideas and technologies from outside are imported into the organization in "inward open innovation" but technologies and knowledge base from inside are exported to outside in "outward open innovation". IBM, Intel, Lucent etc. are frequently cited companies embracing open innovation.
The creative economy requires closely inter-related creative from individuals, firms, governments, cities, and industries. Science and technology show outcomes based on scientific creativity, creative industry generates and circulates value added through the manufacturing of creative products and services and creative city introduces creative people into the city to realize creative industry. The core of the creative economy is creative industry. Since potential for job creation and economic growth is relatively high in a creative economy, several developed countries are preparing creative-economy-related policies. The scope of the policies is different from country to country and from researcher to researcher. The Forum will explore these differences.
The title of the first session is Innovation Collaborators. The roles and functions of university, research institute, and firm as actors of innovation will be analyzed in this session. The university, as one of the innovation collaborators, contributes to society through the knowledge transfer and new research papers. Patents from the university are utilized by business and society. Establishment of a close relationship between industries and research institutes is required for knowledge sharing because vitality of the knowledge based economy depends on mutual learning. Presidents from universities, CEOs from firms who implement the role and function of innovation collaborators will present papers and participate in the forum as discussants.
The title of the second session is Innovation Facilitators. The roles and functions of central government and local government, which are supposed to facilitate natural and easy generation of innovation, will be analyzed in this session. We say that it is innovation when we design, implement and evaluate a new custom and set it up successfully in the organization and region. Competitive power from sub-national regions is stressed, and developing and expanding development strategies through the networking industries, universities and research institutes has an important meaning in innovation. Since ministers from central government in the field from education, science and technology and mayors or governors from local governments who have real experiences in generating innovation will present papers and participate in the forum as discussants, the forum will be full of vitality.
The title of the third session is Innovation Precursors. Basic science and fundamental technology as precursors of innovation will be analyzed in this session. Currently a majority of the products are outcomes of technological convergence. However, we cannot catch up with a mega-trend innovation without advancement of basic science and fundamental technology. It will be explained that why basic science and fundamental technology are innovation precursors, and some examples and evidence will be provided in this session. This session will be supervised by the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), which is the center of the International Science Business Belt Project. Representatives from basic science and fundamental technology research institutes will present research papers and participate in the forum as discussants.
The title of the fourth session is Innovation Clusters in the Creative Economy. The background of this session is the theory of innovation cluster: When creative industries are accumulated, synergy effect is generated, networking between industries comes alive, jobs are created and cities are enhanced. Clusters in the creative economy will be analyzed in this session. Since networking is the most important task in an innovation cluster, leadership that enables sharing knowledge and information between members and sets up implementable vision is required. However governments should not try to make cluster by itself because establishment of cooperative work system among research institutes, universities and firms could be hindered by governmental intervention. Instead, government should try to expand infrastructure in order to build innovation cluster. A Variety of experts who currently work in innovation cluster field will present research papers and participate in the forum as discussants.
Since the vision of "Daejeon Global Innovation Forum" is to attain world level expertise and stature on innovation in the field of science and technology, it is necessary to exchange opinions from variety of positions and regions for the sake of Forum's development. An UNESCO official in charge of the forum and the secretary general of WTA will present papers on strategies and operation of the forum, and participants from university, government, city, research institutes and firms will participate in the round table meeting.